Chloromycetin is used in the treatment of infections caused by bacteria. It is supplied as drops or ointments. Chloromycetin eye drops and chloromycetin eye ointment both contain the active ingredient chloramphenicol, which is a type of generic antibiotic. Chloromycetin antibiotic is used to treat only bacterial eye or ear infections and will not work for other types of eye infection. This medication is a broad-spectrum antibiotic, which means it is effective against infections caused by a wide variety of bacteria. However, chloromycetin should not be used in the ear if you have a ruptured ear drum. The good news is that chloromycetin antibiotic is not addictive in any form that it comes.
How does chloromycetin work?
Chloromycetin antibiotic works by preventing bacteria from producing proteins that are essential to them so that without these proteins the bacteria cannot replicate or increase in numbers. Chloromycetin antibiotic controls the numbers of bacteria causing the infection so that the remaining bacteria will die or will be killed by the body’s immune system thereby treating the infection. It is sometimes given with other antibiotics and should only be used for serious infections in which other medicines do not work. Chloromycetin drop or ointment is administered to treat a type of infection called bacterial conjunctivitis and other infections caused by certain organisms like escherichia coli, haemophilus influenza, staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus haemolyticus, morax-axenfeld, klebsiella/enterobacter species and others. Putting the medicine directly into the eye or ear allows it to act directly on the bacteria that are causing the infection.
How to use chloromycetin eye drops
Before using any eye drop, wash your hands thoroughly to avoid contamination. Tilt your head back, look upward, and pull down the lower eyelid to make a pouch. Try as much as possible to hold the dropper directly over your eye and place 1 drop of chloromycetin eye drop into the pouch and gently close your eyes for 1 to 2 minutes. Repeat these steps if your dose is for more than 1 drop and for your other eye if so directed. Repeat this process 2 to 6 times daily or as directed by your doctor.
How to use chloromycetin ear drops
the dose of chloromycetin ear drop varies for different people and as it is a prescription medication, your doctor or pharmacist will tell you the right amount to use. However, the usual dose is four drops placed into the infected ear four times a day. To use, thoroughly clean the ear canal before using chloromycetin ear drops. Then lie down or tilt your head so the infected ear is facing upwards. Place the required number of drops into the ear canal. Keep the ear facing up for about 5 minutes to allow the medicine to coat the ear canal. For young children who cannot stay still for 5 minutes, try to keep the ear facing up for 1 to 2 minutes.
Like the eye drop, keep the medicine as germ-free as possible by not touching the dropper to any surface (including the ear and your finger tips). Close the container tightly after use and discard unused antibiotic within one month.
Precaution to take while using chloromycetin antibiotics
Do not take by mouth when using the eye drops, ear drop or eye ointment. This medication may cause your vision to blur temporarily after you have applied them so try not to drive or operate machinery until this has worn off. Do not wear contact lenses while you are using chloromycetin to treat an eye infection. Do not use for longer or shorter period than prescribed by your doctor unless your doctor tells you otherwise.
If you are using another kind of eye medication (e.g., drops or ointments), wait for at least 5 to 10 minutes before applying other medications and always use eye drops before eye ointments to allow the drops to enter the eye.
Are there any side effects to the use of this chloromycetin?
There have been some side effects reported like burning or stinging sensation, allergic reactions, pale skin, sore throat and fever and unusual tiredness or weakness.