Risperdal (risperidone) – Autism, Schizophrenia and Bipolar 1 Disorder

risAutism is a condition that is characterized by difficulty in interaction with others, communication problems and repetitive behaviours. The signs of autism usually are seen in children between ages 2-3. The U.S. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) notes that 1 in 68 American children is on the autism spectrum, with that statistic increasing by 10 percent in the past 40 years. Autism affects millions of people worldwide, although it is more prevalent in boys than girls.Schizophrenia,is defined by the National Institute of Mental Health as a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. While this mental disorder may not be common, it’s symptoms are such that people who suffer from it exhibit psychotic behaviours, hallucinate, become delusional, think in unusual ways, speak with emotionless voice and tone, experience movement disorders, find it difficult to begin and sustain daily activities and show no pleasure when involved in activities that they normally enjoy. It is experienced in people aged 13 and older.

Bipolar disorder is another condition that is characterized by manic episodes. A manic episode, as explained by WebMD,is a period of abnormally elevated mood and energy, accompanied by abnormal behaviour that disrupts life. It can affect anybody with recurring episodes of depression. Risperdal, or Risperidone, helps to combat the symptoms of autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. While it is not approved for use by adults with dementia, Risperidone is an antipsychotic drug that works by correcting chemical imbalances in the brain. Risperdal, or its brand names and variations, must not be given to children without being prescribed by a doctor. Risperidone comes in tablet, liquid and quick dissolving tablet forms. It can be taken with or without food but prescription measurements and times must be strictly followed. There are specific instructions that must be adhered to when using Risperidone. This is to ensure the full effectiveness of the drug. You should also not stop the drug without informing your doctor.

Properties of risperdal

With a chemical formula of C23H27FN4O2 and a molecular weight of 410.49, Risperdal contains risperidone which is an atypical antipsychotic agent that belongs to a class of benzisoxasole derivatives.Risperdal has colours ranging from white, to off- white and light beige, depending on the strength of the drug variations. Although it is soluble in methylene chloride and methanol and 0.1 HCI, it is insoluble in water. The structural formula is:

Side effects, precautions and warnings

Sensitivity to temperature extremes, fever, stiff muscles, dizziness, uneven or rapid heartbeats, shaking are some effects of Risperidone. The drug can also cause reaction and thinking impairs and trigger allergic reactions such as swelling of face, lips, throat and tongue, among others. Drooling, fever, body aches, are also side effects. It is advisable to stop using the medicine and call your doctor if you experience these symptoms, among others. You should also inform your doctor if you have had any allergic reactions, or other infections and health problems in the past. Older adults who have been diagnosed with dementia must NOT take the drug as it can increase the risk of mortality.

Frequently asked questions (faq)

Can I skip a dose or take two at once?

No, you should not skip on it unless your doctor tells you to. You should also not take two doses at once; take the missed dose only at the time prescribed.

Where can I purchase the drug?

The drug can only be prescribed by a doctor since it is a controlled release medication.

What should I do if I experience bad symptoms?

You should inform your doctor immediately if you feel any of the side effects listed in this article, or call emergency care.